Date of article: 02/26/2013
Family: Cloves - Caryophyllaceae.
Appointment: for cutting, for flower beds, there are ampelous varieties.
Bloom: in summer - in autumn.
Substrate: loose, nutritious.
Reproduction: seeds, cuttings.
Features: most often grown as an annual plant, for cutting.
Cloves (Dianthus caryophyllus L.). Plant of the Carnation family (Caryophyllaceae). Perennial plant, grown in culture as an annual. Shoots up to 80 cm high. The leaves are simple, linear, up to 15 cm long, with a gray-green bloom. Flowers are solitary or in umbrellas of 3-5 pcs, up to 5 cm in diameter. The flowers smell. It blooms in summer - autumn. There are many varieties that vary in shape, size and color of the flowers and the height of the shoots. Tall varieties need a garter. seeds retain germination up to 3 years.
'Lillipot Mixed', height up to 23 cm.
'Monarch', height up to 23 cm.
F1 'Knight Mixed', a dwarf bushy plant with strong stems, up to 30 cm in height, does not need a garter.
'Giant Sabaud'up to 45 cm high.
'Scarlet Luminette', strong shoots 45-60 cm high, bright scarlet flowers.
'Trailing Mixed'Suitable for ampel growing.
For cloves choose well-lit places, with protection from the wind. Plants tolerate frosts to -3C.
Cloves require loose, nutritious, well-aerated substrates, without an excess of nitrogen. pH 6-7. On heavy, waterlogged, non-nutritious soils, cloves grow poorly and are inhibited. It is recommended that before planting seedlings to make a complex mineral fertilizer in the substrate.
Cloves require regular watering. In conditions of insufficient moisture, the plants bloom inactive, decorative deteriorates.
It is recommended to carry out two dressings, the first after the seedlings have taken root, spend balanced fertilizer with trace elements. In the budding stage, they are fed a second time, fertilizer for decorative flowering.
Cloves, especially tall varieties, require garters. Otherwise, when the wind, in rainy weather, the plants lie down.
If there is a goal to grow large flowers for cutting, side buds should be removed. Faded flowers are removed, which prolongs the flowering time of cloves.
To achieve prolonged flowering of cloves, it should be sown for seedlings in the early stages, in January-February. Sowing is carried out in a loose substrate with the addition of sand, at least a handful of sand per liter of substrate, pH 5.5-6.5, to a depth of 2-3 mm, sprinkling seeds with sand. This method reduces the likelihood of damage to seedlings by rot. At a temperature of about 20C, the seeds germinate within a week. Shoots require good lighting, additional illumination with fluorescent lamps, daylight or white light. So that the plants do not stretch and grow strong, it is recommended to keep seedlings at a temperature of about 15C. Seedlings dive as two true leaves appear, in individual containers, for example, in plastic cups. As 3-4 pairs of true leaves appear, the plants transship in large containers. When seedlings appear 5-6 pairs of leaves, it is recommended to pinch them to stimulate branching. Seedlings are tempered, holding at a temperature of 10-15C. Seedlings are planted without deepening, at a distance of 20 to 30 cm, when the danger of severe frost passes.
Compact varieties of cloves can be transformed into pots in autumn and placed in a well-lit place at a temperature of about 15C.
Plants propagate by cuttings. Select cuttings with two to three nodes, root them in wet sand or in water. such plants bloom earlier than seed plants.
Authors of the article: Marina and Alexander Mityaev
Carnation Chabot, or noble (Dianthus caryophyllus) Perennial plant in the clove family. In the middle zone of our country it is used as an annual.
Plants 30-50 cm tall, upright. The flowers are fragrant, 4-8 cm in size, white, yellow, pink, red, less often variegated.
Seeds in January-early February are sown in boxes. Shoots dive according to the 3x3 cm pattern, and after closing the leaves - 5x5 cm.
In the phase of two or three pairs of leaves, the plants are planted in 7-9-centimeter pots, and in May - to a permanent place. Distances between plants 30-40 cm.
Pretty cold resistant. In the south, after one dive in April, they land in the ground.
When sowing seeds, a large percentage of non-double flowers is observed. To obtain plants with 100% terry and a certain color, the Shabo clove is propagated by cuttings.
However, plants grown from cuttings bloom less abundantly. Cuttings in March. After rooting, they are planted up to one in cubes or pots with a diameter of 7-9 cm and put in greenhouses. In the future, they look after the same way as seed plants.
Blossoms 5-6 months after sowing. To prolong flowering, after the first frosts, the clove is dug up and planted in pots with a diameter of 13 cm and placed in cool, bright rooms, where the flowering of plants continues.
Clove Shabo grows well and blooms in open sunny places, on loamy, fertile, moist enough, but not moist soils. It is not recommended to plant it immediately after applying fresh, undecomposed organic fertilizers.
They are used for cutting, like an autumn pottery culture, for planting on flowerbeds and discounts.
The sold cut flowers of Shabo clove are divided into first and second grades according to marketability.
Cut flowers must be fresh, clean, with a typical flower shape and color, half or dissolve, and some of the buds are only painted, the presence of pests, diseases or their traces on the flowers is not allowed.
In plants of the first grade, the length of the cut shoot with a flower is at least 25 cm, the flowers are terry or semi-double, in the second - semi-double and non-double.
Source: Florist Training Book. A.A. Chuvikova, S.P. Potapov, A.A. Koval, T.G. Chernykh. M .: Kolos, 1980
Propagation by cuttings is used for various forms and hybrids. In the spring and summer, take lateral shoots and plant them to root in the soil, consisting of peat and perlite expanded clay, in an indoor room with high humidity.
Species propagated by seeds in February-March, sown in peaty soil. Remember that not all forms can be propagated without a license from the manufacturer that bred them. Pay attention to the label.
Diseases and Pests
Make it a rule to use such soil in the garden and potted land that has never been grown in cloves before. Phytophthora (Phytophthora), rhizoctonia (Rhizoctonia) and Fusarium (Fusarium), which cause withering and death, are most harmful to the roots, root of the neck and conductive tissues of the plant. Take preventative measures, take clean soil and cuttings from healthy plants. Alternaria (Alternaria) causes discoloration of the flowers and the appearance of spots on the leaves, rust pustules form due to Uromyces caryophyllinus. Use copper or dithiocarbamate fungicides.
Various types of nematodes affect the roots and bases of the stems, resulting in galls and rot. Another unpleasant guest is a hornbeam tick. Leocea pronuba and other caterpillars are very dangerous, they are collected manually or the plants are treated with appropriate preparations.