Aloe Marloth, or Aloe Marlothii (Aloe marlothii) is one of the representatives of the large genus Aloe in the family Asphodelaceae (Asphodelaceae). Common names: mountain aloe, flat-flowered aloe, prickly aloe.
Aloe marlothii is a large, unbranched, evergreen succulent, capable of growing in a natural environment from 2 to 6 meters in height. The plant has a single tree-like trunk with a large rosette (from 120 to 180 cm wide) of fleshy grayish-green leaves from 50 to 150 cm long. The leaves have an elongated conical shape with a wide base (up to 25-30 cm) and a sharp end. Along the edges they are framed by reddish-brown spikes. The spikes are located not only at the edges, but also on the entire surface of the sheet, above and below. As the plants grow, the leaves dry out, but continue to remain on the trunk, forming a kind of skirt of dried leaves under a powerful green outlet. Such a natural covering serves as a succulent protection against eating by wild animals.
This species is named after the German naturalist Rudolf Marlot, who devoted most of his life to studying the flora of the African continent. The first who described this plant was the famous German horticulturist and botanist Alvin Berger back in 1905.
The first flowering, as a rule, occurs in 5-6 years. Aloe marlothii flowers appear at the end of spring (their flowering continues until the end of summer) on branched candelabrum-shaped inflorescences. The number of arrow-shaped peduncles can reach 30 brushes (single spikelets covered with separate, multiple tubular flowers), but most often this value is in the range of 12-18 pieces per bush. Inflorescences can reach 90 cm in length, flowers up to 3 cm. The color of the flower of Aloe Marloti varies from orange-red to yellow or bright red.
The natural habitat of Aloe Marlot is South Africa: North-West Province in South Africa, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumulangi, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Mozambique. This species in the natural environment loves to "settle" at an altitude of 1100-1600 m above sea level, "choosing" rocky-sandy soil for itself, which is why it is also called "mountain aloe". Most often grows in large groups, creating impenetrable arrays.
It tolerates small, short-term frosts (up to -5 ℃), but it is not intended for street, lawn cultivation in the Russian climate even in the south (unless you use large portable containers and put them in greenhouses during the cold season). But it takes root well at home.
Aloe Marlot can be successfully grown at home. But in order for this plant to please you for a long time and not to get sick, you need to learn how to take good care of it.
Unlike its “wild” counterparts, indoor Marlot, differs by more green leaves and less prickly, which, however, can only be a plus. In addition, with home growing, you most likely will not get flowers from it (but this is not accurate, the main thing is to believe and hope). In the natural environment, Aloe Marlot is able to grow to sizes exceeding the ceiling height in an ordinary apartment, but with indoor cultivation, it does not grow more than a meter in height. Growing slowly. Even taking into account this peculiarity, the pot should be selected for “growth”, so as not to transplant your beauty into another container afterwards (although transplanting all types of aloes is well tolerated). For a five-year-old plant, a pot with a diameter of 20 cm and a volume of 6-9 liters is suitable.
When buying a “ready-made” aloe in a store, the plant should be transplanted into a “permanent” container and always with drainage holes that will allow it to drain excess moisture without damage to the plant’s health. At the bottom of the tank, it is necessary to put a layer of drainage (expanded clay is better). The soil must be properly prepared (contain soil, fine expanded clay, perlite, zeolite, crushed coal), breathable and contain a sufficient amount of nutrients for growth. When transplanting, try not to destroy the earthen clod around the roots.
Like all succulents, the “mountain beauty” is not very demanding on watering and suffers more from a lack of light and heat. Choose a window for it with sufficient lighting, and if there is none, you will have to illuminate it with lamps. With insufficient lighting, the plant will stretch ugly, the leaves will become thin and pale. Aloe, unlike most houseplants, can easily withstand direct sunlight. In the summer months, Marlot feels great in the fresh air, so she must be taken out to the balcony or kept next to an open window. And do not be alarmed if the leaves turn red under the direct sun - this is normal.
The main rule when watering is not to flood the plant and not allow water to stagnate. In the summer months, gentle watering, no more than 1 time in two weeks, in the Winter - once a month. Like other types of aloe, Marlota calmly manages several months without watering. Spray leaves from the spray gun is not necessary.
Plant nutrition is carried out in spring and early autumn, in no case do not fertilize in the winter months, when your succulent is resting. In the summer, at the peak of heat, it is also not worth fertilizing aloe. For feeding, you can use all the mineral nutrient mixtures for cacti and succulents. From organics, Marloti perceives wood ash and humus well. Wood ash is rich in potassium and phosphorus, which has a beneficial effect on the root system, it must be introduced in the fall. And in humus there is a lot of nitrogen, which contributes to the development of leaves, but for Marlota, unlike other indoor flowers, a lot of nitrogen is not required. Therefore, it is necessary to fertilize with humus within reasonable limits and no more than once a year, immediately after your aloe leaves the "hibernation". And in no case do not fertilize with peat, otherwise aloe will start to hurt. All additives are added in liquid form.
Medicinal properties and contraindications
In those places where Aloe Marlot grows in the natural environment, locals use juice, decoctions from the leaves and roots of this plant to combat intestinal parasites and gastric diseases. Since aloe juice is bitter in taste, it can be used as a safe means to wean babies from breast.
The main components of aloe leaves are phenolic compounds, including derivatives of chromon, anthraquinone or anthron. Some of the compounds are found in many species, while others are found in only a few. These compounds have several pronounced useful healing properties, among which, the main ones are laxatives and anthelmintic.
All articles about Aloe on the site can be read by clicking on this link: Aloe
Aloe Marlotia juice contains a large amount of anthraquinones, which can cause potential problems, such as congestion and irritation of the pelvic organs, so it is unsafe to use it for a long time and in large quantities.
Aloe Vera Features
Aloe leaf plates, which are part of the outlet, grow from the root, most often they are fleshy. There are species that have thorns on the foliage and there are those that do not. Some species on the surface of the foliage have a waxy coating. During flowering, the bush is decorated with flowers of red, yellow or orange color. The form of inflorescence, depending on the species, can be racemose or paniculate, most often the flowers are bell-shaped or tubular.
Some species have healing properties, so they are used in alternative medicine. Aloe juice helps to cure abscesses and burns faster. It is also used to make masks, because it has a restorative and anti-aging property. Foliage is used to obtain a substance with a laxative effect. In culture, not only many types of aloe are grown, but also varieties.
Short description of growing
- Bloom. Aloe is grown as a decorative foliage and medicinal plant.
- Illumination. Needs more bright sunlight. Sometimes in winter, the bush is recommended to be highlighted.
- Temperature mode. During the spring-summer period, the flower grows well at ordinary room temperature. In winter, the room should not be warmer than 14 degrees.
- Watering. During the growing season, the substrate in the pot is moistened immediately after drying of its upper layer. In the winter months, watering is carried out less frequently, or rather, two days after drying the surface of the soil mixture. During watering, make sure that liquid does not enter the leaf outlet.
- Air humidity. Aloe normally grows with air humidity characteristic of residential premises.
- Fertilizer. Top dressing is carried out from the second half of spring to the first autumn weeks once every 4 weeks, for this use mineral fertilizers.
- Rest period. The beginning is in the second half, and it ends in mid-spring.
- Transfer. Bushes are transplanted at the beginning of the growing season, young bushes are subjected to this procedure once every couple of years, and more adults - once every 4 years.
- Soil mix. Leaf and turf soil, and sand (1: 2: 1).
- Breeding. Basal shoots and seed method.
- Harmful insects. Aphids, scale insects, mealybugs and spider mites.
- Diseases. A plant can become ill only if it is improperly looked after. Most often, it suffers from rot, which appears from excessively heavy watering.
- The properties. Some species of aloe are characterized by healing properties. They have anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating, wound healing, antibacterial, regenerating and other properties.
Aloe is a photophilous plant, so it is best to grow it at home on the south window, while it is not afraid of direct sunlight. The bush, which stood in shading for a long time, is gradually accustomed to the bright rays of the sun. In winter, the bush sometimes needs additional lighting, for this you can use fluorescent lamps.
In summer, aloe develops and grows within normal limits at normal room temperature. In the warm season, it can be moved to fresh air, while a place protected from precipitation is chosen for it. If in summer you do not transfer the plant to the street, then it is recommended to systematically ventilate the room in which it is located. In winter, an aloe has a dormant period, in connection with which it is recommended to rearrange it in a cool place (not warmer than 14 degrees). If the room is warmer, then the bush may begin to actively stretch out, since in winter the sun cannot give it the required amount of light.
During the growing season, watering aloe is carried out immediately after the surface of the soil mixture in the pot dries. In winter, watering should be more rare, however, an earthen coma should not be allowed to dry. When moistening the substrate, make sure that the liquid does not get inside the leaf outlet, because this can lead to rotting of the trunk, and this in turn can destroy the bush.
Such a flower normally grows and develops at any humidity.
In order for the aloe to bloom, it needs a period of rest, which is possible only with prolonged daylight hours and coolness. Providing a plant with such conditions when growing in an apartment is quite difficult, in this regard, its flowering can be seen very rarely.
Top dressing is carried out from the second half of spring to the beginning of autumn with a frequency of 1 time in 4 weeks. When the bush is at rest, it is not necessary to apply fertilizer to the soil mixture.
A substrate suitable for aloe cultivation should consist of turf and leafy soil, as well as sand (2: 1: 1). In order to make the soil more loose, it is mixed with a small amount of charcoal and small pieces of brick. Transplantation is carried out only if necessary, as a rule, young bushes are subjected to this procedure once every couple of years, and more adults - once every 4 years.
Aloe can be grown from seeds quite easily. To begin with, a good drainage layer is made at the bottom of the tank, then it is filled with a sand mixture and seeds are sown. Sowing is carried out in the last winter or first spring weeks. Crops are provided with regular watering and ventilation. Protect them from direct sunlight, while the air temperature should be about 20 degrees. Picking seedlings that have appeared in individual containers is carried out when they turn 30 days old. When 3 months pass after the transplant, the plant will need to dive again into larger containers, after which they will be provided with the same care as adult bushes.
How to propagate by shoots
For propagation of aloe shoots, the same soil mixture is used as for sowing seeds. In spring or in the first summer weeks, separate from the parent bush young shoots growing from the roots, after which they are planted in an individual container. After the bush gives root and starts growing, it is provided with the same care as an adult plant.
Aloe Diseases and Pests
If aloe is improperly looked after, then problems may arise with it:
- Foliage faded and listless. This can happen due to excessively frequent watering, when the surface of the soil mixture does not have time to dry out. An unsuitable substrate may also be to blame.
- Shoots get elongated. With poor lighting, the bush begins to actively stretch, as a result of which it loses its decorative effect. To avoid this, it is recommended to illuminate the plant with fluorescent lamps, thereby increasing the duration of daylight hours.
- There was rot on the shoots and roots. On the roots, rot appears as a result of too frequent or excessively heavy watering. A rotting of the stem most often occurs due to the fact that liquid got into the leaf outlet during watering, especially if the room is cool. Choose the most suitable irrigation regimen for aloe, cut off all the affected parts of the bush and transplant it into a fresh substrate.
- The tips of the leaf blades turn brown. This plant is quite undemanding to air humidity. But if the air is excessively dry, then you need to increase its humidity. Due to very poor watering, brown spots may form at the edge of the leaf blades.
- Dark spots appeared on the foliage. The bush should be protected from drafts, and it can also be damaged by severe cold (below 8 degrees). The room should be ventilated regularly, but the flower should be in a place that will be protected from drafts.
- Harmful insects. Scabies, mealybugs, aphids and spider mites can live on the bush.
White Aloe (Aloe albiflora)
The bush of this type of stem does not exist at all. The width of the narrow leaf plates is about 5 centimeters, and their length is up to 25 centimeters; small white spikes are located along the edge. The color of the foliage is greenish-gray, and on its surface there are a large number of white dots. During flowering, a peduncle grows with a length of about 50 cm, brushes are formed on it, consisting of white flowers. This aloe can be easily propagated by basal rosettes.
Aloe fan (Aloe plicatilis)
This aloe is a bushy plant whose stem is lignified over time. The height of a highly branched bush can reach about 5 meters. The trunk is divided into small branches, while on each of them a leaf rosette is formed. Opposite leaf plates grow in 14–16 pieces, their shape is linear, and the tip is rounded.The length of the grayish-green sheet plates is not more than 30 centimeters, and their width is up to 4 centimeters, as a rule, the edge is smooth. On the tops of long peduncles, brushes are formed, consisting of 25-30 red flowers. The peduncle length can reach up to half a meter. This species differs from the rest in that it needs more frequent watering. This plant is also called aloe umbelliferous (Aloe tripetala), or linguistic aloe (Aloe lingua), or linguistic aloe (Aloe linguaeformis).
Shoots at the bush are short. The green foliage collected in small rosettes has a lanceolate shape, most often there are specks of white color on its surface, and spikes of a pale pink hue are located on the edge. The length of the sheet plates can reach about half a meter. On a high peduncle, several brushes are formed, which consist of pale yellow flowers, reaching a length of about 30 mm. There are varieties whose flowers are painted red. This species is also called aloe Lanza (Floe lanzae), or Aloe barbados (Aloe barbadensis), or Indian aloe (Aloe indica).
This herbaceous plant has a very short stem. Foliage growing from the root is collected in a rosette, its length is only about 40 mm, and its shape is elongated-triangular. On the surface of slightly corrugated pale or dark green leaf plates there are many dots of white hue. The length of the tubular orange flowers is about 10 mm. They are collected in a brush, which is formed in the upper part of a thirty-centimeter peduncle growing from a floral outlet. The view can be quickly propagated by young basal rosettes.
This bushy perennial plant has a rather short stem (height about 30 centimeters). The length of narrow leaf blades is up to 10 centimeters; small spikes are located along the edge, and 1 longer spike grows in the upper part. On both surfaces of greenish foliage there is a coating of wax and whitish spots. During flowering, a peduncle 20 centimeters long is formed, on which a brush consisting of reddish tubular flowers grows.
Aloe dichotoma (Aloe dichotoma)
In nature, this species is a tree-like evergreen perennial plant, whose height is about 8 meters. On both surfaces of bluish-green leaf plates there is a wax coating, their length is about 40 centimeters, and their width is up to 6 centimeters, small spikes are located along the edge. The brushes formed during flowering consist of tubular yellow flowers. On one peduncle, 1 to 3 inflorescences can grow.
Aloe arborescens (Aloe arborescens)
This species, widely cultivated under indoor conditions, is also called the “agave”. The height of a tree or bush can reach three meters. Gradually, the shoots below are exposed, and in the upper part they are strongly branched. The apical rosette dense fleshy leaf plates in length have a xiphoid shape, and in width - curved concave. Their color is grayish-green, about half a meter long and about 60 mm wide. Spikes are located along the edge of the plate, reaching a length of 0.3 cm. The species blooms in May – June, but when growing at home, flowers on the bush can be seen infrequently. On a high peduncle, brushes are formed, consisting of pink, red or yellow flowers.
Aloe camperi (Aloe camperi)
The species is a low perennial herb. Curved narrow glossy sheet plates have a green color and a lanceolate shape, their width is up to 50 mm, and their length is about 50 cm, the edge is fine-toothed. During flowering, a high peduncle is formed, on which grow brushes consisting of orange, red and yellow tubular flowers, the length of which is no more than 50 mm.
Aloe cap-shaped (Aloe mitriformis)
The stem of this herbaceous perennial plant is short. Leaf plates growing from the roots are assembled into a rosette and have a rounded triangular shape, their length is about 20 centimeters, and their width is not more than 15 centimeters. The color of the foliage can be anything from bluish-gray to green, on its underside, as well as on the edge, many small spikes grow. A high peduncle grows from a leaf rosette, in the upper part of which a racemose inflorescence is formed, consisting of tubular flowers of rich red or just red color. At home, it blooms very rarely.
Short-leaved Aloe (Aloe brevifolia)
This herbaceous perennial plant foliage collected in sockets. Their shape can vary from triangular to lanceolate, in length they reach about 11 centimeters, and in width - up to 4 centimeters. On the outer surface of the plate and on its edge are white teeth. The color of the foliage is bluish-green. Tubular red flowers are collected in a brush, which is formed on the top of a high peduncle.
Aloe pretty (Aloe bellatula)
The birthplace of such a stemless herbaceous plant is Madagascar. The rosette foliage growing from the root reaches only about 15 centimeters in length and about 1 centimeter in width. On the surface of the dark green plate there are many white spots and tubercles, and on the edge there are small spikes. The bell-shaped flowers are painted in coral color.
Aloe Marloth (Aloe marlothii)
The height of this shrub is about three meters. Fleshy lanceolate leaf plates are collected in a basal rosette, on both surfaces there is a wax coating. They are painted in grayish-green color, their length is up to one and a half meters, and their width is up to 30 centimeters. Both surfaces of the plate, as well as its edge, are covered with a large number of small pale red spikes. The tubular flowers are collected in a brush, most often they are painted in an orange-red hue.
Soap Aloe (Aloe saponaria)
Either soapy aloe or spotted aloe (Aloe maculata). The bush has a branching stem and, as a rule, several leaf sockets are formed in it. The length of the flat-curved green leaf plates is about 0.6 meters, and their width is up to 6 centimeters, on both surfaces there are many spots of white color, five-millimeter spikes are located on the edge. Small brushes consist of yellow flowers, which sometimes have a reddish tint.
Aloe spinous (Aloe aristata)
Such a bushy plant has short stems. Triangular green foliage is part of the outlet, it is decorated with whitish tubercles, and small spikes are located along the edge. At the top of a slightly curved plate, a long thread grows. On a high peduncle, several brushes are formed, consisting of 20-30 orange-red flowers, the shape of which is tubular.
Such a shrub creeping stems in length reach about 3 meters. The length of the pointed-ovoid grayish-green leaf plates is about 10 centimeters, at the base in width they reach up to 6 centimeters. Along the edge and in the middle of the sheet plate are small white spikes. When the bush blooms, it is decorated with brushes consisting of tubular yellow flowers.
Aloe striata (Aloe striata), or aloe gray
The birthplace of such a stemless perennial plant is South Africa. The fleshy dense leaf plates collected in the basal rosette have a grayish-green color, their width is up to 15 centimeters, and their length is about half a meter. The smooth edge of the plate is painted red. As a rule, several brushes consisting of small reddish flowers are formed on a high peduncle. Blossoms in the second half of spring.
Tiger Aloe (Aloe variegata)
Or mottled aloe, or aloe ausana (Aloe ausana), or point aloe (Aloe punctata). The height of such a stemless shrub is about 30 centimeters. The elongated foliage is collected in basal rosettes, its width is up to 6 centimeters, and its length is about 15 centimeters. Dark green leaf plates are decorated with a white pattern consisting of dots and stripes. At the tops of high peduncles, inflorescences of a racemose form, which consist of red, pink or yellow flowers, grow.
Aloe Terrible (Aloe ferox)
Under natural conditions, the height of the bush, with a straight stem, reaches about three meters. In the upper part of the aloe, a leaf rosette is formed, consisting of leaf plates about half a meter long and up to 15 centimeters wide. Greenish foliage under certain conditions takes on a pale red hue. The teeth growing along the edge are sometimes formed on the surface of the sheet plate. An inflorescence of a racemose form grows from the middle of a leaf rosette, whose height is about half a meter, it consists of flowers of a saturated orange-red hue.
Aloe indoor: the most decorative types of succulents
For many years, aloe remained the most underrated indoor plant. And this is not surprising, because the widespread use of aloe vera in the last century led to the fact that everyone forgot about other types of these amazing succulents. Aloe indoor - a plant, first of all, decorative. And with the right choice of species and variety, it can overshadow any competitor. In this article, we will talk about species of aloe, about growing and propagating, and the proper care of these wonderful succulents.
Aloe Spinous Aloe (Aloe aristata).
Aloe indoor: botanical description of the plant
Aloe is amazing in room culture Asphodel family (Asphodelaceae) In nature, aloe are found only in deserts, mainly in Africa and both Americas. Aloe is especially represented in the flora of Mexico, where this plant is striking in its diversity. Aloe is one of the oldest plants on the planet, similar to cacti in its natural range, but able to survive even where other succulents dry and die.
The healing properties of aloe were estimated three millennia ago, this is one of the oldest medicinal plants mentioned in written sources two thousand years ago. The appearance, as well as the properties of aloe, remain unchanged for millennia.
Aloe can claim the title of the most diverse of succulents. Some species are so different from each other that they are easier to take for other cultures than for relatives. Among the aloe there are shrubs, groundcover, decorative leafy stars. And every lover can find an aloe that he will like. Extraordinary variety does not change the "essence" of this amazingly simple plant. Differing in appearance, aloe still remains a succulent.
There are both tree-like and stemless plants in the aloe genus. All aloe vera “begin” as a large or compact rosette of leaves on a very shortened stem. Trunks grow only with age, some plants lignify quite quickly, while others remain almost unchanged for decades.
The height of aloe vera varies from a modest 10 cm to 1 m in tree species. A distinctive feature remains fleshy leaves - thick, elongated, grooved, keeled, always collected in rosettes - basal or apical. The ability to accumulate water in the leaves and close the pores to stop the evaporation of water during prolonged droughts allows aloe to withstand months without watering, without losing the decorativeness of the leaves.
The pulp of the leaf seems jelly-like, divided into cells. During drought, the size of the leaves decreases, with regular care they increase their thickness. The length of the leaves ranges from less than 10 cm to 50-60 cm. True, the maximum size of indoor aloe is often limited to 40 cm.
Almost all aloe have serrated leaves with sharp spikes along the edge, but there are species with smooth leaves and covered with spikes along the entire surface of the leaves. The thorns in aloe are predominantly sharp, but are found to be soft and ciliary.
Despite the fact that aloe vera has never been associated with flowering, some species can surprise and delight with a cool wintering. Star-like, surprisingly elegant narrow-bell-shaped or tubular miniature flowers seem precious against the background of fleshy leaves. They are collected in pyramids and straight brushes of inflorescences and rise above rosettes on surprisingly long peduncles. If aloes bloom, then you can admire their inflorescences in December or January, in the midst of winter.
Aloe is tree-like in nature.
Aloe indoor: types of decorative succulents
In the genus Aloe there are both boring, obsolete and few people attracting species, and plants are completely unexpected and extravagant. Miniature and large, aggressively growing and not changing over the years, aloe allow you to choose the look for a decorative task. Of the more than five hundred species of aloe, about five dozen are used in room culture, and only half of the plants with a bright personality have become popular of them.
The most common and familiar indoor aloe
To get started, get acquainted with the boring and still considered not the most fashionable types of aloe.
Aloe found in every house in Soviet times is aloe tree (Aloe arborescens), also known as “doctor” or “agave.” These are shrubs capable of exceeding a meter height (and in nature 3 m) shrubs with branching, coarse, cylindrical and lush, despite the lignification, stem. In youth, it retains the same color as greens - light green, and then it turns more red, brown in the lower part and covered with traces of old leaves.
The fleshy xiphoid leaves, typical for aloe, with a pointed edge, sharp teeth, bent along the edge and a bluish bloom on a light green background, are able to exceed 50 cm in length. If aloe blooms at home, it surprises with up to 2 x cm in length with a faded yellowish-pink color. Flowers are collected in a brush.
Legendary healing aloe present (Aloe vera), unlike aloe treelike - the plant is very beautiful. Large spiky bluish-green leaves in vertically elongated rosettes look strictly and neatly. Stretched vertically, this aloe looks elegant and quite modern.
Also, slow growing aloe belongs to the highest species in nature. Marlot (Aloe marlothii). In room culture, this is far from a tree-like plant, slowly growing large rosettes with leaves up to 50 cm long, triangular and fleshy, and two types of spikes - sharp and soft, with beautifully elongated leaf tips and a much wider base. Reddish thorns only emphasize the size and massiveness of the leaves.
The largest aloe with a pronounced trunk is considered aloe wild, awesome or scary (Aloe ferox) - A strikingly bright plant with dense, flowering rosettes. In nature, they rise on a thick trunk, and in the rooms they are almost sessile, with a barely noticeable shortened trunk, but they still look very massive.
The leaves are thick, form neat rosettes, sit tight, stand out not only by meatiness, but also by a bluish color and unusual shortened spikes. Rosettes are somewhat sloppy; the leaves in them are not quite symmetrical. It is rare in indoor culture, mainly as an outdoor plant. Luxurious straight ears of hundreds of orange and red flowers growing directly from the center of the outlet do not appear in pot culture. But the plant itself looks like a green sculpture thanks to clean, massive lines.
But there are aloe vera species that are much more original. Today they are actively used in the design of florariums and introduced into decorative compositions. Fancy rosettes, ornaments, patterns, perfect shapes and lines make them one of the most spectacular indoor plants for decorating a modern interior. They are good in original containers and complex compositions, they bring in special textures, colorful and bright colors, the effect of living sculptures, requiring almost no care.
The most decorative types of indoor aloe
Among the compact species of aloe, the favorite of many has become aloe motley (Aloe variegata), which we also like to call aloe tiger.This is a species with a very shortened stalk and unique three-row rosettes of pointed, very elastic, broad-lanceolate, scaphoid-curved leaves.
The plant looks very decorative due to the rich dark green color, against the background of which original strips of countless white strokes and spots appear transversely and helically. This is an amazing spotted look with light spots fancifully scattered across the surface. But the main distinguishing feature is the structure of the outlets. The leaves seem to be embedded one into the other, which creates the effect of amazing orderliness and ornamentality.
A similar effect - speckled pockmarked on fleshy triangular leaves with an elongated tip in neat rosettes - boasts light green and dark green aloe Yukunda (Alo jucunda), and flaunting bizarrely curving wave leaves with white-green patterns Aloe Somali (Aloe somaliensis).
Looks fancy and surprisingly original folded aloe (Aloe plicatilis) - with double-row fan-shaped rosettes of linear-ribbon-like, flat, with a blunt tip of the leaves, smooth, with a unique, similar to tulip leaves with a grayish bloom. The plant usually grows in the form of two rosettes, and only with age does it become noticeable that the central shoot is bifurcated and luxurious fans are located at its ends. Amazingly elegant, almost architectural plant.
Also in two rows opposite each other are located and bending down by an ideal arch, very fleshy, whitish-pink leaves of aloe opposite leaf (Aloe suprafoliata), the massiveness of which is emphasized by the constantly growing trunk with the remains of old leaves, and red spikes along the edge.
Bizarre Aloe ciliated (Aloe ciliaris) - view of the amateur. A thin, climbing and branching stalk creates bizarre silhouettes with sparse apical rosettes. The leaves are softer than other species, do not exceed 15 cm in length, grayish, decorated with white cloves. This aloe got its specific name for ciliated hairs at the base of the leaf blade tightly wrapping around the stem.
Narrow-lanceolate flowers look amazingly spectacular: muted red or orange narrow tubes are collected in the pyramids of inflorescences. This is the only species among indoor aloe, which is grown as an ampel culture.
Its unique spikes, similar to thick white cilia, became famous aloe haworthy (Aloe haworthioides). This is a unique look with graceful rosettes of thin lanceolate leaves, seeming fluffy and often pleasing with low tassels of cream flowers.
Also, another look seems almost “furry”, actively forming daughter sockets and creating continuous patterned spots - black-throated aloe (Alo melanacantha), whose pinkish edges further emphasize the brightness of the base emerald color.
Aloe squat (Aloe humilis) - the most compact form with dense, dense rosettes formed by elongated, lanceolate-linear, almost vertical leaves, in some varieties - shortened triangular leaves. The plant grows rapidly and densely branches, releasing daughter sockets and creating bizarre thickets that capture the entire space of the pot.
Outward-looking rosettes with a somewhat sloppy structure look even more beautiful because of the long peduncles, on the top of which red flowers with a yellow spot bloom.
Aloe leaf (also known as spiral or spiral, Aloe polyphylla) Is a unique view with flat and very wide rosettes in which, overlapping each other more than to the middle of the leaf plate, fleshy, triangular, with a broad base leaves are arranged counterclockwise in a strikingly dense and beautiful spiral. This is one of the best ornamental succulents, which looks somewhat artificial.
Aloe spinous (Aloe aristata) - a charming look with dark, very prickly, keeled curved leaves, decorated with white serrated edges and assembled into miniature, but extremely dense, unusual sockets. Fleshy leaves are arranged in a spiral. Outlets are not limited to several rows and constantly grow in width, sometimes reaching more than 50 cm in diameter.
Rough leaves with hard small spots further emphasize their prickly edge. Looking flat and impressive, this aloe creates very beautiful texture accents and spots, and when viewed from above, it fascinates with the effect of a strict rosette ornament.
Orange inflorescences in indoor conditions are a rarity. This aloe has a lot of hybrids and varieties, for example, Cosmo, with less neat and larger, but not so wide rosettes of large striped leaves and an appearance more like a haworthia.
Aloe Rauha (Aloe rauhii) - a very spectacular silver-leafed appearance, on the surface of smooth matte leaves of which dark lines and stripes appear. Large rosettes of fleshy, folded at the end of the leaves in diameter can reach 20 cm. In the base plant, the bluish leaves are densely covered with whitish, merging stripes, but in nameless varieties that today supplant species plants, all leaves appear silver-white or irregularly colored (for example, white-green spotted "Snowflake" (Snowflake), green with orange-yellow papillae and red border grade Donnie (Donnie) and pr).
Two species are also very effective with strongly narrowed and long leaves resembling a fleshy version of dracaena in sloppy rosettes - beautiful aloe (Aloe bellatulaleaves adorn the white border and white strokes on a dark reddish background) and white-flowered aloe (Aloe albiflora)with dark gray-green leaves, densely covered with white dots of growths.
Aloe epiglottis (Aloe perfoliata) forms massive rosettes with tooth-shaped leaves, which are somewhat reminiscent of artichokes and conquer with the contrast of a dark color with white spikes. A straight peduncle with an original pyramid of narrow-tubular red flowers rises from the very center of the outlet.
Aloe Hedgehog (Aloe maculata) - the most prickly appearance to which decorativeness is given by white, darkening with age in brown-black, long, distinguished spikes. The neat, tileless stemless sockets are very thick and, thanks to the pricklyness, seem like a lace-graphic miracle. And the rounded shape of the rosettes and their perfect symmetry only emphasizes the beauty of the plant.
On fancy maces - elongated rosettes of thick spiky bluish leaves on thin trunks - the silhouettes are similar aloe dichotomous (Aloe dichotoma).
Aloe strongly branched (Aloe ramosissima) - shrubs or multi-stemmed trees, in which a bizarre crown of similar rosettes and narrow rod-shaped leaves rises above the bonsai-like trunks.
How to grow indoor aloe: necessary conditions
It is no coincidence that the legendary indoor aloe is considered one of the most hardy plants. They can maintain decorativeness in almost any environment, if you do not forget about the thermophilicity and the origin of the species. Absolutely any premises with normal living conditions are suitable for these persistent succulents, and even aloe vera can adapt to different lighting conditions much better than cacti and Co.
How to grow indoor aloe: lighting and placement
Aloe species differ in their photophilousness, but all without exception can grow well both on the sunny windowsill and in a bright place with diffused lighting. It is believed that aloe is well tolerated by direct sunlight. But plants need to be adapted to the sun gradually, and in varietal plants or species with an original color, too intense lighting can cause changes, redness, thinning of the leaves.
It is better to protect plants from the midday sun. Shading carries only one species - aloe tree. Typically, aloe itself signals a lack of lighting by stretching and deformation of the leaves, changing color to a paler one.
Despite the unpretentiousness of aloe, in the winter it is sometimes difficult for him to adapt to a short daylight. If possible, especially during a warm wintering, aloe should be rearranged to a more lighted place or provide illumination. When wintering in the cool, there is no need to adjust the lighting.
For aloe, the best place was always considered the eastern and western window sills or a place near the southern windows.
How to grow indoor aloe: temperature and ventilation
Aloe belongs to heat-loving plants and is content with room temperatures during the period of active development, it is not afraid of heat and does not require artificial temperature stabilization.
During the dormant period, temperatures are important only if you want to achieve aloe bloom. It can be stimulated only by wintering at a temperature of at least 12 to 16 degrees with a possible decrease to 5-10 degrees. If the flowers are not the goal, aloe feels great in ordinary room conditions, but more moody to the lighting.
Aloe loves airing and access to fresh air. In this case, drafts are most often not afraid of him and the plant tolerates even sharp temperature changes. This is one of the indoor plants that are not afraid of heating appliances and air conditioners nearby, but with too much air overheating it is better not to overdo it. In summer, all types of aloe can be carried out into the open air, but with mandatory protection from rainfall.
Aloe indoor dichotomous (Aloe dichotoma).
Aloe care at home
The only thing worth categorically avoiding when caring for aloe is overmoistening. The rest of the plants are content with minimal care and maintain decorativeness, even if due to some force majeure they are forgotten. Very rare watering, even more rare top dressing, the absence of any other procedures make aloe one of the best candidates for a modern interior and for those who do not want or cannot spend a lot of time on a home collection of plants.
Reproduction of indoor aloe
This is one of the easiest to breed crops. Aloe indoor is easier to propagate by separating daughter siblings during transplantation (only daughter sockets that have formed their own roots can be separated) or by cuttings.
In this culture, both apical and leafy cuttings can be used. Rooting is carried out under a hood in a light sandy substrate, maintaining light soil moisture and providing long daylight hours with additional illumination. Sections are preferably dried before planting.
Growing from seeds at home is rarely used. They are sown in shallow containers, in a sterile sandy substrate, superficially, under a film or glass. Young plants are very afraid of waterlogging and any contacts - they are carefully dived only after the appearance of the second leaf.