SEDIMENT FOREST (CAREX SYLVATICA HUDS.)
Forest sedge (Carex sylvatica Huds.)
Large turf perennial with erect or tilted (usually by autumn) shoots 70-90 cm high. The lower scaly leaves are light gray, decaying into simple fibers. Medium leaf 5-11 mm wide, glabrous, bright green, slightly glossy. An inflorescence 10-20 cm long consists of an upper narrow-cylindrical male spikelet and several lateral female spikelets on long legs, deviated or drooping, loose-flowered, up to 4 cm long, covering leaves of spikelets with a long vagina and a long leaf blade. Covering scales of female flowers are ovate-lanceolate, sphenoid-pointed, membranous with a green central stripe. Pouches are elliptical, 5-6 mm long, pale green, when ripe brownish-green, smooth, with a long thin nose, with two short teeth, stigma 3 (see Fig. 2-3). It blooms in May - June, bears fruit in mid-July.
In the forests, sedge seedlings appear at the end of May and reach 6 cm in height by the autumn of that year. The tillering of the plant, i.e., the formation of second-order shoots, occurs in the fourth to fifth year of life, and after another 2-4 years, it enters the reproductive phase. Reproduction is carried out mainly by seeds. Vegetative propagation is a particularization that occurs with aging turf. On one reproductive shoot, 60-90 seeds are formed. For germination, seeds need natural stratification. During the winter, sedge leaves remain green. For blooming inflorescences, protoginia is characteristic (at first, female flowers bloom).
In the USSR, the species range mainly covers the European part, where its northern border reaches almost 60 ° C. N, and the southern one passes through the Crimea and the Caucasus. Fragments of the species range are known in some areas of Western Siberia, as well as in Altai; outside the country, it lives in the forest zone of Western Europe. Forest sedge grows in deciduous and coniferous-deciduous forests with the participation of spruce, fir and linden. In Moldova, Crimea and the Carpathians, it is found in beech and hornbeam-oak forests, on the East European Plain in oak and ash forests with the participation of Zelenchuk, and Dentist.
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SANDY FAMILY (CVPERACEAE) - pic 1 sedge Arnell, sedge pale, sedge palmate, sedge spread, sedge heather rice. 2 rhizome sedge, vaginal sedge, forest sedge, hairy sedge, rusty-spotted sedge The family includes about 90 genera and more than 4,500 species ... Forest herbaceous plants