Ehmeya one of the most beautiful plants of the bromeliad family. In popularity and decorative qualities, it is in no way inferior to its closest relatives of guzmania and vriesia. There are already more than 150 species and varieties of ehmei. But in indoor floriculture, unconditional leadership holds Ehmea striped (Aechmea fasciata) I do not want to say that other types of echmea are less beautiful, but it is precisely it that can most often be found in the collections of amateur gardeners.
But in any case, caring for striped ehmei is no different from caring for any other. And indeed, echmea is contained in the same conditions as the vast majority of representatives of the bromeliad family, including exotic pineapple.
Ehmeya: home care
Caution! Striped echmea contains poison that can cause skin irritation. When caring for her, be careful to use rubber gloves and keep her juice away from exposed skin.
Ehmeya lighting unpretentious flower. It can exist normally both in bright light and in a slightly shaded place. The best place for it will be the most comfortable for indoor plants eastern and western window sills. For a more accurate definition of exactly where your plant will be best, pay attention to the leaves of echmea. If they are tough, sinewy, then such an ehme can and should be put in the brightest place, right up to the southern windows (but with protection from the burning rays of the sun). Moreover, in the warm season, it is better to take it out into the fresh air. If your ehmeya with soft leaves, then it will be better in partial shade, where the lighting is more moderate.
Like all natives of the tropics, ehmeya loves warmth and is not at all afraid of the daily temperature drops characteristic of her native places. If you have echmea in the summer in the room, then the air temperature in it will suit it perfectly. The only thing that must be taken into account is that the echmea constantly needs an influx of fresh air. If you follow the canonical recommendations, then in the summer, the temperature for the content of the echmea should be maintained within + 20-27 degrees. It is possible and higher, but do not forget about airing.
In winter, echmea goes to rest, respectively, and the temperature of the content somewhat decreases, but not significantly, to + 17-18 degrees.
The poison of ehmei
Ehmeya is a poisonous plant. The juice contained in its leaves, getting on the skin and mucous membranes, causes severe irritation. Work with the flower carefully, wearing gloves. After work, wash your hands thoroughly.
Care for echmea at home (briefly)
Ehmeya at home develops well if its elementary needs for light, moisture, nutrition are satisfied:
|Temperature||In winter - not lower than + 17 ° C, in summer - not higher than + 28 ° C.|
|Air humidity||Elevated, periodically sprayed leaves with standing water (cannot be wiped), put the flower on a pallet with wet expanded clay.|
|Lighting||He loves bright diffused lighting, the eastern and western position of the window, with a southern location it is necessary to shade.|
|Watering||In summer, it is necessary to keep the soil slightly moistened, once a week in the summer pour settled warm water, after flowering and in the winter moisten only the soil.|
|Priming||Fertile and loose (a mixture of sand, sphagnum, peat and deciduous land or a peat-sand mixture), good drainage is required.|
|Fertilizer and fertilizer||In summer and spring - 1 time in 2 weeks, less often in cold weather: in autumn - 1 time per month, and in winter - 1 time in 2 months, water or spray the leaves with twice diluted liquid complex fertilizer for flower plants or special fertilizer for bromeliads.|
|Transfer||Young bushes - every year, before flowering, faded plants are transplanted, if you need to separate the children.|
|Breeding||The procedure is carried out as necessary. For propagation, cuttings, tops of shoots or parts of leaves obtained by pruning or forming a bush can be used.|
|Growing Features||The plant does not accept cramped conditions, drafts, sudden changes in temperature, prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, dry air and excessive soil moisture.|
With the apparent ease of caring for the plant, it is possible to highlight the features of growing ehmei. Faded inflorescences are removed by secateurs so that they do not weaken the plant. Ehmeya has weak roots and can grow on the ground or on a support - a piece of bark, plastic or glass (a hole is made in the stand into which echmea is inserted, wrapping the roots with moist moss).
Features of ehmei
Among the numerous species of the genus Echmea, both terrestrial and epiphytic plants are found. This plant differs from other representatives of the bromeliad family in that thorns are located on the edge of the foliage. The leaves form a rosette, while their color can be variegated or monophonic, and they can also be soft leathery or dense hard. The fruit is a berry.
Ehmeya is quite popular among gardeners, even though each rosette of leaves can bloom only 1 time. Still this plant differs from other bromeliads in that it is quite simple to grow it in room conditions.
Short description of growing
- Bloom. In the summer or in the last winter weeks.
- Illumination. Bright light is required, which must be diffused.
- Temperature mode. In summer - from 22 to 26 degrees, and in winter - from 15 to 18 degrees.
- Watering. In the warm season, the flower is watered abundantly immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture dries. If the weather is warm outside, then lukewarm water is used for irrigation (a little warmer than room temperature), while pouring it into a funnel formed by foliage. When the bush fades and during the dormant period, only the soil mixture in the pot should be moistened during watering after it dries to a slightly greater depth than in the summer.
- Air humidity. It should be slightly above average. The bush is regularly moistened with a spray bottle, and wet expanded clay should be poured into the tray.
- Fertilizer. In the spring-summer period, top dressing is carried out once every 15–20 days, in autumn - once every 30 days, and in winter - once every 1.5 months. To do this, use a solution of complex mineral fertilizers for bromeliads.
- Rest period. It is not pronounced.
- Transfer. The procedure is carried out every year in the spring, when the bush fades, while all faded rosettes are cut off from it.
- Soil mix. Its composition should include sand, deciduous soil and peat (1: 2: 1).
- Breeding. Offspring and seed way.
- Harmful insects. Aphids, scutes, and root bugs.
- Diseases. Decay of the leaf outlet, lack of flowering, and the formation of brown spots on the surface of the leaf plate. All these problems are associated with violations in care or with improper conditions of detention.
- The properties. Striped echmea can cause skin irritation.
Ehmeya usually blooms in summer. Flowering ehmei - a long, but one-time phenomenon. Only an adult plant blooms, starting from about 4 years of age. It happens that the flower does not appear on a more mature bush. Perhaps the offspring from which he grew up was cut off too early from the mother plant and develops slowly, not having received enough nutrition. Having matured, he will also release an inflorescence of bright flowers.
To speed up the beginning of flowering, a young ehmeya is placed for 10 days in a bag with bananas or apples. Ripe ethylene-producing fruits will accelerate the flowering process. But do not mindlessly strive for the appearance of flowers. After flowering, the young echmea lives no more than a year, sometimes not having time to form lateral shoots.
A mature plant will no longer bloom, but will produce shoots that can be transplanted. Faded inflorescences are removed immediately so that they do not spoil the appearance of the plant, do not slow down its growth and do not cause decay of the top.
To grow strong and healthy ehmeya, home care suggests that the room will often be ventilated, because it requires fresh air. In the summer, the flower is taken out onto the street. Observe the temperature regime. In summer, the apartment should be between + 25 - 28 ° C, in winter - not lower than + 17 ° C.
The daily temperature is indicated. Ehmeya is a rare plant that likes a drop in temperature at night: a slight drop is useful to it for flowering.
When growing ehmei at home, it is recommended to choose a western or eastern window sill for it. The fact is that the scorching midday direct rays of the sun can harm her. If there is a place for a flower only on the south window, then it should be protected from direct sunlight at lunchtime. If the weather is warm in summer, then it can be transferred to fresh air (in the garden or on the balcony). However, the bush must be accustomed to new conditions gradually, otherwise burns may form on the surface of its foliage. Also gradually accustomed to bright light, you need recently purchased items in the store, and even if there has been cloudy weather for a long time.
When growing sparkling ehmei, it should be borne in mind that it transfers direct sunlight worse than all other species. In this regard, it is recommended to grow it in a shaded place. A curved ehmeya needs a very large amount of bright sun light, otherwise the foliage loses its color, and its flowers become less attractive.
A tropical echmea flower at home will feel comfortable if the humidity is maintained at 60 - 70%. During the heating season and in the summer heat, spraying the leaves with warm, settled water will help in this.
Spraying and installing the bush in a pan with wet expanded clay are possible options for increasing indoor air humidity, you can not wipe the leaves.
At home, the ehmea flower should be located on windows looking west or east: there it will receive enough light. When placed on a window facing south, the lighting will be too bright and long. This will cause a burn of leaves.
If it is impossible to rearrange the flower, it must be shaded. In the northern part of the room there is little light, here the growth of echmea will slow down. Optimal for her is bright diffused lighting.
Watering the ehmei is a mandatory and regular procedure. Watered when the topsoil dries. In the summer, once every 7 days, they pour warm, settled water into a power outlet, then water the soil. In winter and after flowering, they are limited to moderate soil moisture (it should not dry out), they do not pour water into the outlet, so as not to cause the growth point to decay.
Waterlogging ehmey is not necessary: its broad leaves evaporate little moisture, and the water in the outlet helps to tolerate the short-term lack of watering. Ehmeya loves spraying and bathing under a warm shower. After the procedures, it is left in a shaded room so that the water dries out and the plant does not receive a sunburn on the leaves.
Ehmeya is a flower for which the acidity of the soil is not important. It is important that the soil is breathable and loose. You can buy ready-made soil mix for bromeliads, improve it with sphagnum and chopped charcoal.
You can prepare the substrate yourself, taking in equal proportions sheet soil, peat, humus and in half a dose of sand. Add moss and chopped charcoal to the mixture. Be sure to pour expanded clay or broken bricks for drainage at the bottom of the pot.
Such a plant will not suffer much because of the low humidity, which is often observed during the heating season. However, in order for it to grow and develop well, it is recommended to increase the level of air humidity a little. To do this, it is recommended to systematically moisten the ehmey from the sprayer with warm soft well-settled water, and the flower pot can also be put on a pallet filled with moistened expanded clay or pebbles.
In order for the echmea to develop within the normal range, it should be fed throughout the year. Mineral complex fertilizer in liquid form is suitable for this. In the spring-summer period, fertilizers are applied to the soil with a frequency of once every 2-3 weeks, in the fall - once every 4 weeks, and in winter - once every 6 weeks.
In order to stimulate the flowering of ehmei, a method that has been known for a very long time is recommended. The flower, along with the pot, is placed in a bag of polyethylene and 2 or 3 ripe apples are placed there. Tie the bag lightly and leave the flower for 1.5–2 weeks. After 4 months, flowering will begin.
Fertilizer and fertilizer
Top dressing and fertilizer are good for the flower. Ehmeya is responsive to watering or spraying leaves with a twice-diluted liquid universal fertilizer for flower plants or specifically designed for bromeliads.
The procedures are carried out after watering in cloudy weather or in the evenings, so as not to burn the leaves (in spring and summer - once every 2 weeks, in autumn - once every 30 days, and in winter - once every 2 months). In winter, the solution is diluted 3 times.
Ehmeya is grown in the most ordinary flower pot. At its bottom, a not very thick layer of expanded clay drainage or pieces of brick is necessarily made. A suitable substrate should consist of peat, sand and deciduous soil (1: 1: 2). Even for flower cultivation, you can use a soil mixture consisting of humus and deciduous soil, as well as sphagnum (1: 1: 1), it is necessary to pour a small amount of small broken shards and sand into it. It is transplanted every year in springtime when flowering is over, at the same time those leaf sockets that have faded are removed. Also, for the preparation of ehmei, a ready-made purchased substrate for bromeliads is suitable.
How to leave on vacation
A caring owner, leaving home for a week or two, will always think about how to leave an ehmeya unattended on vacation? The owner of the ehmei was lucky: the plant can survive 2 weeks without watering, but before leaving it is watered, mulched with sphagnum, and the settled warm water is poured into the outlet.
Ehmeya is put in a tray with wet expanded clay and, if necessary, is shaded. If there is a longer absence, they ask relatives to take care of the flower.
How to propagate by offspring
To propagate room echmeae, the vegetative method is most often used. To do this, in the first spring weeks, offspring are separated from the adult bush, which should be more or less developed. They will give roots quickly enough after planting in a separate pot. Places of cuts on the parent bush and on the offspring are treated with carbon powder, otherwise rot may appear on the flower. To plant offsprings, small individual pots are used that fill one of the soil mixtures listed above.
If desired, such a flower can be grown from seeds. However, this method has several drawbacks, namely, it is more complex and long, and seedlings grown from seeds may not retain varietal characteristics.
For sowing seeds, the selected capacity is filled with crushed fern roots, peat or finely chopped sphagnum. Crop care is pretty simple. They need to be placed in a warm (from 22 to 24 degrees) and a shaded place, in addition to this, they are provided with systematic watering and ventilation. 3 months after sowing, the seedlings should be peaked into a substrate consisting of leaf and heather soil. And when another 12 months pass, the grown seedlings can be transplanted into the substrate that is used for planting adult specimens (see above). During this year, the plant needs to be moderately watered, moisten the foliage from the sprayer, and they should also be kept warm (from 20 to 26 degrees).
Propagation of ehmei by offspring
- Developed offspring (reaching one third of the height of an adult flower) are separated from an adult mother plant with a sharp clean knife. They take root easily.
- The cut points are sprinkled with charcoal powder to prevent decay.
- Planted in light soil and watered.
- They cover it with polyethylene, making holes in it so that the seedling breathes.
- The film is removed for watering and airing.
- After 30 to 45 days, rooting will occur.
- The bush is transplanted into a large container and taken care of as an adult plant.
- Leaves turn brown. Most often, ehmei foliage turns brown in the event that the bush is grown in a too cold place. It can also happen when rot appears on the bush.
- Ehmeya does not bloom. The bush does not bloom if the lighting is too scarce, especially for variegated forms. Lack of light also causes foliage to lose its characteristic color.
- Harmful insects. Scabies, aphids, as well as root bugs can sometimes settle on such a plant. To get rid of them, the plant is treated with a solution of a special insecticidal preparation.
Growing echmea from seeds
Seed propagation - the seeds are sown in peat (or sand + peat), covered with a film and left at + 23 ° C. After 3 weeks, the seeds will sprout. About 3 months later, after the appearance of 3 leaves, they are dived into separate pots. Echmea obtained from seeds will bloom in 3 years.
Methods of propagation of ehmei are simple, but they often use the first: so you can wait for the flowering of ehmei faster, varietal features are preserved.
Diseases and Pests
Ehmeya does not require special care, but it is the flower grower's duty to create favorable conditions for the plant. If you surround the flower with attention, you can be sure: diseases and pests will not touch it. Otherwise, the disease can manifest itself in the form of symptoms:
- old sockets die - a natural physiological process, often occurs after flowering,
- rotten sockets ehmei - waterlogging at low temperature (reduce the number of irrigation, drain the water from the outlet, put in a warmer, ventilated place),
- ehmea leaves fade - a lot of light (shade the bush),
- brown spots on the leaves - fungal disease (fungicides are used), if the spots are pale brown - a sunburn (shade, rearrange),
- flaccid shriveled echmea leaves - lack of moisture (watered, water is poured into the outlet),
- dry tips of echmea leaves - air is too dry (increase humidity),
- bright green spotting of silvery leaves - erasing the scales when wiping the sheet with a napkin,
- leaves turn yellow and fall - waterlogging (correct watering, ventilate),
- after flowering, the leaves shrink and fall - the natural aging process, the bush cannot be saved,
- the inflorescence turned dirty pink - ehme cold (rearrange in a warm place).
Sometimes echmea is affected by aphids, mealybugs, scale insects, spider mites. Pests are activated in the heat with increased air dryness or during cooling and overflow of the flower. The appearance and reproduction of insects is easier to prevent than to deal with them later.
Ehmeya Weilbach (Aechmea weilbachii)
Or lamprococcus Weilbach (Lamprococcus weilbachii). Linear-xiphoidal soft leathery sheet plates are assembled in a socket, their length is about half a meter, they are pointed at the apex, while the edge is covered with small spikes. They are painted greenish red. A straight upward peduncle has a length of about 50 centimeters, it is covered with many small raspberry leaves. Complex inflorescence has the shape of a brush. The color of the bracts is deep red. The petals of the flowers are lilac-blue, and their edge is white, there are also sepals, which are fused to 1/3.
Two-rowed Echmea (Aechmea distichantha)
Or Platyechmea double-rowed (Platyaechmea distichantha). This species is represented by both epiphytes and terrestrial plants. A loose, sprawling rosette of leaves in diameter reaches about 100 cm. Long narrow leafy plates in the upper part are pointed, they are painted green, their width is about 3 centimeters, and their length is up to 50 centimeters. On the edge are dark brown spikes growing very close to each other. The height of the peduncle is more than 0.6 m. The color of the flowers is lilac, and the bracts are saturated red. There is a variety - variegata: leaf plates are decorated with white stripes that are located on the edge.
Striped Ehmea (Aechmea Fasciata)
Dark green leaves with a marble pattern and small cloves at the edges form a high funnel. The leaf plate is dense, belt-shaped (length up to 0.6 m). The capitate or pyramidal straight peduncle grows up to 30 cm. Bluish-red small flowers are surrounded by glossy pink bracts.
Curved Echmea (Aechmea recurvata)
Among the representatives of this species, both terrestrial plants and epiphytes are found. Linear leaf plates are assembled in a socket, on one bush there are from 6 to 12 pieces. Their length is slightly less than 50 centimeters, with a width of about 15 mm, downward they grow together into a tube, the edge is covered with spikes 2 mm long. The capitate inflorescence reaches a height of only about 20 centimeters. The length of the petals of the red flowers is about 25 mm, the bracts are also red. Such a plant blooms in spring.
This species has a variety of ortgiesii. A leaf outlet in height reaches only 15 centimeters. Leathery sheet plates are angled upward. Their width is about one and a half centimeters, and their length is up to 30 centimeters, the edge is covered with small spikes. The color of the bracts is red, and that of the flowers is pink.
Echmea Weilbach (Aechmea Weilbachii)
The xiphoid wide leaves, having a copper-red color and a linear shape, form a symmetrical rosette. Leaves without thorns, their length reaches 50 cm. A racemose inflorescence is located on a red peduncle. Scarlet large bracts are collected at the base, between them are small flowers with blue-purple petals.
Ehmea shaggy (Aechmea comata)
Or Echmea Linden (Aechmea lindenii). Belt-shaped leaf plates have a width of about 5 centimeters, and a length of up to 100 centimeters, they are assembled in a socket. The upper part of them is spinous, but rounded, the edge is covered with small teeth. The shape of the inflorescence is spike-shaped. Bracts of this species are red, and the flowers are rich yellow. Blooms in the winter.
Curved Achmea (Aechmea Recurvata)
Light green narrow leaves with a linear shape and spiky edges form a wide funnel. Leaf width - up to 1, 5 cm, length - up to 40 cm. Inflorescence capitate is about 0.2 m high. Pink flowers are surrounded by triangular red bracts.
Ehmeya is a plant of interest with variegated green leaves and catchy flowers. It blooms once in a lifetime, but the flowers are so magnificent and unusual that they amaze the imagination of connoisseurs of beauty. Caring for a plant is not difficult. Therefore, the number of fans of ehmei is growing steadily.
Matte Red Ehmea (Aechmea miniata)
The funnel-shaped outlet consists of a large number of leaf plates, the width of which is up to 2 centimeters, and the length is about half a meter. They are painted green, taper to the base and have a purple hue in this part, the upper part is shortly pointed. The edge of the foliage is covered with small denticles, and on its surface there is a small amount of scales. Red straight flower stalk directed up. The shape of the apical inflorescence is pyramidal. The color of the sepals is red, and that of the flowers is bluish. Small fruits are deep pink. Flowering in such a plant is long.
Striped Echmea (Aechmea fasciata)
Or bilbergia striped (Billbergia fasciata). The shape of the leaf rosette is tubular, in diameter it reaches about 100 cm. The length of the greenish-gray belt-shaped foliage is up to 0.6 meters, and its width is about 6 centimeters, on the surface there are transversely arranged strips of marble-white hue. On the surface of a straight upward peduncle there are scales. The length of the complex pyramidal capitate inflorescence is about 0.3 m; pink bracts are present. The blue color of the flowers changes over time to reddish blue. On the surface of the sepals there is pubescence.
Sparkling Achmea (Aechmea fulgens)
The shape of the foliage collected in the outlet is belt-shaped, and its color is green. The width of the leaves is about 6 centimeters, and their length is slightly less than half a meter. Their apex is rounded, and the edges are covered with denticles. The color of the flowers is coral red, and the bracts are pink. During flowering, up to 100 flowers are formed on the inflorescences.
Florists cultivate a variety of discolor: the color of the underside of the foliage is reddish-lilac, and the front - olive-green.
Watering and humidity
Echmea is watered, like all bromeliads. The main watering in the socket, and after that the soil in the pot is watered. Although it is believed that the roots in the nutrition of the echmei play a secondary role, it is impossible to give the earth much dryness. Closer to cold weather, watering is reduced, and in winter it is minimized, and only the land is watered. When watering, pay special attention to the quality of the water. Water for irrigation of ehmeya should not be cold and hard. Its temperature should be a couple of degrees higher than room temperature, and how to make it softer can be found in the article on watering indoor plants.
Ehmeya calmly tolerates dry air (it is believed). But it’s better not to torment the plant and create a humid atmosphere for it. There are many ways to increase humidity, read about some of them here. But the most affordable and simple was always spraying. If in winter you could not create cool conditions for ehmeya, be sure to spray it regularly.
Ekhmey is fertilized only in the warm season, with a frequency of 15-20 days. If you will use the usual complex for flowering indoor plants, then reduce its composition in solution by half. But it is better not to experiment, but to buy special fertilizers for bromeliads. Their echmea perceives best.
Ehmeya - description
Echmea (lat.Aechmea) - a genus from the family of bromeliad plants that grow mainly in South and Central America with a total of up to 180 species. The flower Ehmeya got its name due to the shape of the bracts, and “aechme” (Greek) means the tip of the peak.
Representatives of the genus, depending on the species, can be both epiphytic and terrestrial plants there. Among other bromeliad plants, echmea is distinguished by the presence of thorns at the edges of the leaf plate. The leaves are collected in a socket, can be either monophonic or variegated, are dense and hard or leathery, but soft. The fruit of echmea is a berry.
Despite the fact that each leaf rosette blooms only once, ehmeya is quite popular in indoor culture. In addition, care for echmea at home is relatively simple compared to other bromeliads.
Planting and care for echmea
- Bloom: in summer or late winter.
- Lighting: bright diffused light.
- Temperature: in the summer - 22-26 ºC, in the winter - 15-18 ºC.
- Watering: in summer - plentiful, as soon as the surface of the substrate dries. In warm weather, pour water slightly warmer than room temperature into a funnel of leaves. After flowering and during the dormant period, only the substrate is watered, allowing it to dry to a slightly greater depth.
- Air humidity: above average. The plant is sprayed with water and kept on a pan with moist expanded clay.
- Top dressing: in the spring - every 2-3 weeks, in the fall - once a month, in the winter - once every six weeks. For top dressing, a solution of complex mineral fertilizer for bromeliads is used.
- Rest period: not pronounced.
- Transfer: annually in the spring, after flowering, simultaneously with the removal of rosettes that have already faded.
- Substrate: two parts of deciduous land and one part of peat and sand.
- Reproduction: seeds and offspring.
- Pests: aphids, scale insects, root bugs.
- Disease rot of the leaf outlet, refusal of the ehmei to bloom and brown spots on the leaves due to improper conditions of detention.
- Properties: the appearance of a striped ehme can cause skin irritation.
Echmea lends itself to seed reproduction, but this method is more time-consuming and less popular, and varietal characters may be lost during seed reproduction. For planting seeds, use peat, or crushed fern roots, or finely chopped sphagnum moss. It is quite simple to take care of seedlings: a container with crops is placed in the shade, the temperature is maintained at 22-24 ° C, regularly watered and aired. Three months after planting, the echmei seedlings that appeared appeared to be dived into a mixture of heather and leafy soil, and a year later the plant was transplanted into ordinary adult soil, which is described above. Throughout this year, care consists of maintaining a temperature of 20-26 ° C, moderate watering and spraying the leaves.
Echmea Weilbach / Aechmea weilbachii
Also found under the name Weilbach lamprococcus (Lamprococcus weilbachii). The leaves are collected in a rosette, have a linear-xiphoid shape, up to 0.5 m long, leathery, soft, pointed at the top, red-green, the edges of the leaves are covered with small spikes. Peduncle up to 0.5 m long, straight, upward, densely covered with raspberry leaves. The inflorescence is racemose, complex. Bracts are bright red. Flowers with bluish-lilac petals (margins of white petals) and sepals fused to a third.
Two-rowed Achmea / Aechmea distichantha
You can also meet as two-row platyechaea (Platyaechmea distichantha). Representatives of the genus are either terrestrial or epiphytic plants. The leafy rosette is loose, up to 1 m in diameter. The leaves are green, narrow and long, pointed at the apex and with spiked edges (dark brown spikes, grow close to each other), up to 0.5 m long, and width up to 3 cm. Peduncle reaches more than 60 cm. Bracts are bright red, and the flowers are lilac. There is a variety variegata, which has white stripes along the edges of the leaves.
Achmea curved / Aechmea recurvata
There are both epiphytic and terrestrial plants. The leaves are rosette, linear, few in number (6-12 pieces), grow together downwards into a tube, reach a little less than half a meter in length, and up to 1.5 cm wide, at the edges the leaves are covered with 2 mm spikes. Inflorescence is not high, up to 20 cm, capitate. Red flowers, petals up to 2.5 cm in length, red bracts. The flowering period of the curved ehmei falls in the spring months.
This species has a species ortgiesii with a low outlet, reaching a height of only 15 cm. The leaves of this species are directed at an upward angle, leathery, up to 30 cm long and 1.5 cm wide, the edges of the leaves are also covered with small spikes. Petals of flowers are pink, bracts are red.
Ehmea shaggy / Aechmea comata
You can also meet, as the echmena of Linden (Aechmea lindenii). Leaves are belt-shaped, rosette, up to 1 m long and up to 5 cm wide, the top of the sheet is spinous but rounded, and the edges of the sheet plate are covered with short teeth. Inflorescence is an ear. The flowers are bright yellow with red bracts. The flowering period is winter.
Echmea matte red / Aechmea miniata
Rosette funnel-shaped, a lot of leaves. Leaves are up to 50 cm long and up to 2 cm wide, lilac at the base (taper) and green along the rest of the leaf plate, the edges with short denticles are covered with a few scales, the tip is shortly pointed. Peduncle straight, upward, red. The inflorescence is apical, pyramidal. Petals of flowers are pale blue, sepals are red. The fruits are small, bright pink. This species has a long flowering period.
Echmea striped / Aechmea fasciata
You can also meet under the name striped bilbergia (Billbergia fasciata). The socket is tube-shaped, about 1 m in diameter. The leaves reach 60 cm in length and 6 cm in width, of a belt-shaped form, gray-green in color with transverse marble-white stripes. Peduncle directed upward, straight, covered with scales. The inflorescence of the capitate pyramidal shape, complex, up to 30 cm long, has flowering pink leaves.The petals of the flowers are blue, with time becoming blue-red, the sepals are pubescent.
Sparkling Achmea / Aechmea fulgens
The leaves are rosette, green in color and have a belt-shaped form, they reach a little less than 0.5 m in length and 6 cm in width, the edges of the leaf plate are serrated and the top is rounded. The bracts are pink, and the petals of the flowers are coral red. Up to 100 flowers appear. In the culture, a variety of discolor is grown, the leaves of which on the upper side are olive-green in color and on the lower side are lilac-red.
Flowering period of ehmei
Echmea usually blooms from late spring (May) to mid-autumn (October). Although these terms are very relative. Sometimes flowering echmea does not occur at all, but more on that below. A rosette blooms only once, but after flowering, a faded echmea usually gives a replacement - baby. Do not rush to plant it separately. After the plant has finished flowering and you (surely!) Removed the withered inflorescence, continue caring for the echmea in the usual way. Only when the baby reaches half the size of the mother plant can it be planted separately.
Why does echmea not bloom
There can be many reasons for this. But they can be summarized in one - improper care for echmeae. After all, it can be unbalanced watering, and a high temperature, and stagnant air in the room, and other, other. Only by finding out the cause and eliminating it, you can expect that the echmea will bloom. But it also happens that the care is good, no flaws have been identified, and the flower does not want to bloom and that’s all.
What to do to make the ehmea bloom?
There is an old tried and tested way to stimulate bromeliads (and not only) to bloom. The stimulant is ethylene gas. But don’t be afraid, you don’t need to purchase it on purpose. The most common apples during ripening emit this very ethylene. So put a couple of apples near the ehmeya, and even better, cover them together with a cap from a PE bag. Hold them like that for 15 days. After such a procedure, the ehmeya should bloom for 3-4 months.
- A fairly common mistake when caring for echmea is overflow. If the water in the outlet stagnates, leaf decay may begin. A sign of decay - the leaves of the echmea become brown. I remind you - in winter, water does not pour into the outlet!
- But a change in the color of the leaves, their browning may be a consequence of too cold content.
- If, on the contrary, the plant does not have enough moisture, then the leaves will lose their elasticity and become lethargic.
- Ehmeya will notify you of the dry air by the appearance of dry patches on the ends of the leaves.
- Of the pests, it is especially necessary to be wary of aphids, spider mites, root mites, and scabies.
Good luck in growing and beautiful flowering!