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Abutilon hybrid: seed cultivation, home care

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Abutilon hybridum
Family Malvaceae (Malvaceae)

• in cool winter gardens,
• small specimens - on bright windows away from heaters,
• for terraces and patios

transplanted annually, pruning long roots, pots use standard proportions

turf land: leaf land: humus: peat: sand (1: 1: 1: 1: 1)

• abutilon is a fairly unpretentious plant,
• when the substrate is dried out and the lack of light leaves the leaves, especially the lower ones,
• the plant is often affected by whiteflies and spider mites

forced indoor (from October to February) due to low light and humidity

• propagation by seeds is possible (they germinate after 2 weeks at 20 ° C, then the seedlings bloom after 4 months),
• apical cuttings planted in soil at 20-25 ° C

• due to the rapid growth of shoots, it needs to be nipped and trimmed,
• during the heating season, spraying the leaves with water and additional exposure in the winter months is recommended

leaves are large, up to 10 cm long, palmate, green or variegated (in the variety 'Thompson' - leaves in yellow spots, in the form 'Variegata' - in bright)

mainly in summer

flowers are single, funnel-shaped, up to 5 cm long, in hybrids of the Megapotamicum group - drooping

A. megapotamicum hybrids form drooping shoots and are good as ampelous plants

Requirements

Hybrid Abutilon, grown at home, should be placed in a bright room (south window), this guarantees lush flowering. Since abutilon can be grown on the balcony and terrace, it is worth using this option, especially since the plant likes fresh air during its magnificent growth. In the fresh air, it is better to provide a secluded place, sheltered from the scorching sun. Abutilon also grows in partial shade, however, in such a place, it will not spoil us with too lush flowering.

The indoor temperature during the growth period is 16-22 ° C, in the winter period it is definitely lower than 10-15 ° C.

The soil is fertile, humic, permeable and rich in nutrients. You can use a universal substrate for potted flowers.

Abutilon care includes watering, fertilizing, transplanting, tweezing and wintering.

Watering is a very important procedure for home care for abutilone, especially during growth and when grown in a sunny place. A plant in such conditions needs a lot of moisture. The frequency of watering depends on many factors, but it may turn out that you have to water the plant daily, when grown open in the ground, during a drought period, even twice during the day. When growing indoors, abutilon should be provided with good drainage because it does not like water. During winter, the soil should not be constantly moist, on the contrary, between the first and second watering, the soil should dry out slightly.

During the growing season, abutilon is fertilized every 7-14 days with a multicomponent liquid fertilizer in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. Do not fertilize in winter.

The leaves are cleaned by washing off the dust with warm, soft water, being careful not to spray the flowers.

Keep in mind the tweezers for a beautiful plant shape. During the season, this procedure is carried out several times.

In early spring, abutilone is transplanted. If necessary, slightly prune the roots. When transplanting, you need to remember about drainage!

Abutilon hibernates in a bright room at a temperature of 10-15 ° C. Watering is limited and fertilizer application stops.

Breeding

Abutilon hybrid propagated through shoots and apical cuttings. Mostly seedlings can be obtained throughout the growing season, but it is best to do this in the spring when transplanting and pruning abutilon. The length of the cuttings is 6-10 cm. The seedlings will take root in a few weeks, while ensuring humidity (cover with a film) and a warm substrate, which is a mixture of peat and sand. Rooted cuttings are placed in a bright place at a temperature of 20 ° C.

Abutilone is also propagated in a generative manner from seeds. Sowing them in February and May. Acquired seeds germinate fairly quickly (2-3 weeks), harvested by oneself is best subjected to stratification.

The most common growing problems

When growing hybrids, one should be careful with numerous pests, which, when they make mistakes at home, often attack weakened plants, especially at low humidity. These include:

  • whiteflies
  • spider mites,
  • aphid,
  • scale insects
  • mealybugs.

As mentioned earlier, Abutilon Hybrid loves moisture, but not a wet substrate. When the substrate is too wet, the leaves fall off. The problem very often arises in winter when watering should be limited.

Yellowing and falling of leaves - This is a reaction to a significant change in temperature, for example, after transferring a plant from the terrace to the house.

In addition, regular watering is required because drought will lead to folding and falling of leaves and flowers.

In a sunny place, with a lack of humidity, plants fade. At noon, it is worth shading the plant and providing it with a sufficient level of humidity.

When growing hybrid varieties, a bright spot is very important, which contributes to lush flowering. In a dark place, the number of colors is much less. In a too shaded place, the shoots become elongated, the leaves are lighter.

More light leaves will be a symptom of lack of fertilizer. Fertilizer lack leads to a lack of flowering.

Primary Genus: Abutilon
Homeland
  • South America
The soil
  • Loose, nutritious peat-based soil
The size
  • from 50 to 200 cm
Flowering time
  • January to December
Possible colors
    Illumination
    • Many // Western, southern orientation, may require several hours of direct sunlight
    Watering
    • Many // Needs constantly moistened soil (watering more than 3 times a week)
    Difficulty of leaving
    • Medium // Generally unpretentious, may present specific requirements for this type of
    Air humidity
    • Medium // Moderate humidity (at least 35%, normal street humidity in the shade)
    Fertilizer frequency
    • Many // Requires frequent fertilizer (including year-round)
    Content temperature
    • moderately warm content (+18 - + 25 ° C)

    Growth:

    Hybrid Abutilon is an artificially bred variety that is not found in the wild. They were obtained by hybridization of some Abutilones growing in South America.

    Plant Description:

    Plant size and type:

    Hybrid Abutilon is an evergreen subtropical frost-resistant shrub with attractive leaves.

    ON THE PICTURE:In regions where Abutilon can be grown in open field all year round, it usually grows to 2-3 m.

    The leaves are broad, five-lobed, resembling maple leaves. In some varieties, the leaves are mottled, with yellow spots or rims, but in most plants the leaves are green.

    Bell-shaped flowers, about 5 cm long, grow on drooping pedicels.

    ON THE PICTURE:Abutilon hybrid flowers can be colored red, yellow, pink, orange or peach, depending on the variety. Stamens protruding, orange or yellow, the calyx of the flower is pale green.

    With good lighting and proper care, the Abutilon Hybrid can bloom almost all year round.

    Varieties:

    Many varieties of Abutilon were bred, among which the most famous: 'Boule de Neige' with white flowers and bright orange stamens, 'Golden Fleece' with yellow and 'Master Hugh' with pink flowers.

    ON THE PICTURE:The Abutilon variety of the hybrid 'Boule de Neige' has snow-white flowers with contrasting yellow stamens.

    Agrotechnics:

    Hybrid Abutilon grows well throughout the year at an average room temperature of + 18–24 ° C. Minimum temperature + 10 ° C. In summer, the plant can be kept outdoors in diffused light, but you need to bring it back to the room before frost.

    Abutilon prefers bright light and at least 3-4 hours a day in direct sunlight, but can also grow in a partially shaded place. It is better to place the plant on the southern or western windows.

    ON THE PICTURE:In summer, in the heat of Abutilon hybrid is better to put in a slightly shaded place so that the direct rays of the sun fall on the plant only in the morning. This is especially true for varieties with variegated leaves. In the afternoon, in full sun, the leaves may fade.

    This species does not tolerate a full shadow; for prolonged flowering, it needs the sun.

    During the period of active growth, watering is moderate, the topsoil in the intervals between watering should dry by 1.5 cm. During the rest period, watering is reduced, but the soil should not dry completely.

    Humidity should be medium. The leaves should be sprayed every few days with water at room temperature. This is especially important in winter, when the room is low in humidity.

    During the period of active growth, it is recommended to feed the plant every two weeks with standard liquid fertilizer. In winter, fertilizer is applied once a month, since Abutilon grows more slowly during this period. Overfeeding should be avoided, since in this case Abutilon is inclined to increase leaf mass to the detriment of flowering.

    This plant prefers rich, well-drained soil. In the spring it is transplanted into the pot one size larger.

    Cropping:

    Abutilon hybrid tends to stretch, so in the spring before the start of intensive growth, the plant should be cut. All weak and thin shoots that thicken the crown must be removed, and the other shoots cut to one third of the length. During the summer, you need to periodically pinch the shoots so that the plant shrubs and is more compact. Regular pruning does not allow Abutilon to grow above 45 cm. In length and in width.

    Diseases and pests:

    Plant does not bloomif he lacks light or nutrients.

    To solve the problem you need to move Abutilon to a place where it would be half a day lit by bright natural light, and switch to a fertilizer with a high phosphorus content.

    Flowers and bottom leaves may fall due to uneven watering, when some roots do not receive moisture, in addition, falling can be caused by an excess of direct sunlight.

    Ways to fight: water the plant so that the entire soil is saturated with moisture, and in summer keep the plant in a place protected from the hot midday and afternoon sun.

    Sticky leaves may be signs of aphid abutilon damage.

    For pest control you need to cut off the strongly affected leaves and thoroughly rinse the plant with plenty of water every three days for two weeks. You can use insecticidal soap.

    Leaves turn pale and appear on the underside yellow dots and pale stripes. The reason is a spider mite.

    Control measures: the plant must be isolated, trimmed and discarded affected leaves. Clean the underside of the remaining leaves with warm, soapy water. Spray the plant daily for a week.

    If the stem is not affected by the pest, you can try to update the plant from the apical cuttings. With a strong infection, the plant should not be maintained. To prevent infection with a spider mite, it is very important to maintain the necessary humidity and periodically spray the leaves with water.

    Abutilone may be affected fungal diseasessuch as root rot, rust, alternariosis and cercosporosis of leaves.

    Control measures: you need to ensure good air circulation, make sure that the leaves are not wet, if necessary apply fungicide.

    In addition, the Abutilon Hybrid may be affected by the mosaic virus, however, the discoloration or variegation of the leaves that the virus causes is usually a characteristic feature of this plant.

    Reproduction:

    In spring or summer, Abutilon cut the apical cuttings 8–10 cm long, dip the slices into powder of the root-forming hormone and place the cuttings in small pots with soil consisting of equal parts of wet peat and coarse sand or perlite, covering each pot with a plastic bag. Pots are placed in a place lit by diffused light. After 3-4 weeks, the cuttings will take root and they can be transplanted into slightly larger pots into a regular soil mixture. Cuttings are kept uncovered in ambient light for another two or three weeks, sometimes watering so that the soil is barely wet. Then the plants are looked after as adult Abutilons.

    The plant loses its attractiveness after 3-4 years, so it is recommended to periodically update it from the apical cuttings.

    Abutilon Juliet stain mix: plant description

    Abutilon Juliet is a large-flowered hybrid bush plant that grows to a height of 150 cm. It has a high growth rate: each year the shoots increase by about 50 cm. The leaves of this abutilon are large, up to 15 cm in length, with carved edges, in shape similar to maple foliage saturated green color. Hence the second name of the plant - “indoor maple”.

    The genus of homemade maple belongs to the family of malvaceae. In its natural form, it grows in the tropics and subtropics, where it is warm and humid. There it grows in the form of bushes, small trees or perennial grass and has more than 100 species.

    With proper care, the hybrid abutilone Juliet grown from seed blooms for 4 or 5 months of life. With plenty of lighting, flowering is year-round. The flowers are bell-shaped, looking down, the diameter of the wide part is about 5-6 cm. The color of the flowers in different shrubs can be pink, red, orange, bright yellow. If two shrubs with flowers of different colors have grown, then they can be crossed by pollinating and get Juliet with flowers of a new color.

    The variety is unpretentious, loves light, but not too intense. With minimal care, even a novice grower can grow a strong, abundantly flowering plant without problems.

    Abutilon Juliet: Seed Growing

    The cultivation of this abutilon from seeds is convenient in that the germination of the variety is almost 100 percent. Most often, the seeds used in the store are a “mixture of colors”. Sowing is carried out in late February or early March.

    Pre-sowing preparation of the soil is mandatory. The soil is sifted to give a more friable and moisture-intensive structure, it is treated with a potassium permanganate solution to destroy a possible fungal and bacterial infection. The optimal soil for abutilons includes peat, humus, river sand and vermiculite in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1.

    Abutilone is propagated by seeds and semi-lignified cuttings. Non-variegated forms of abutilone are propagated by seeds, since during seed propagation, splitting of parental characters occurs.

    To choose for sowing, you need high-quality hybrid Juliet seeds with a whole shell of dark color. Damaged seed abutilone seeds usually do not germinate. Before being placed in the soil, seeds selected from the mixture are soaked for 12 hours in warm water. You can make a growth stimulant solution for soaking.

    The seeds of future abutilons are immersed in soil at a depth of approximately 5 mm. The pot is covered with a film, put in a warm, lit place. Seedlings should be expected after 3 weeks.

    After the appearance of the first maple leaf, the seedlings can be dived. For better growth of the transplanted plants, a capacity of not more than 7 cm in diameter is taken. After transplantation, young abutilons are looked after in the usual way: they monitor the adequacy of lighting, soil moisture, air temperature. Fertilize the soil once a month.

    Shrubs grown from a mixture of seeds are stronger and more durable than hybrid plants obtained by cuttings or propagation by leaves.It is noteworthy that the color of their flowers is more rich and rich.

    Features of planting and care

    Growing abutilone, subject to some simple rules, is not difficult. The bush should be kept in a room where there is enough light, but direct intense sunlight does not fall on the shoots. In the warmer months, the abutilon bush can be carried to the veranda or balcony, put in a corner where the direct sun does not penetrate. With a lack of lighting, the plant will not die, but is unlikely to bloom.

    In the summer months, the ideal air temperature at the growing site is between +20 and + 25 ° C. In the cold season, Juliet can withstand temperatures from +10 to + 15 ° C without any problems. But if Abutilon is forced to stay at a temperature below + 10 ° C for a long time, then the drying of the shoots begins.

    In the summer season, during the period of active growth and flowering, regular abundant watering is required. The accumulated water in the pan is poured. With poor soil moisture, a shrub can drop leaves and flowers. If the air is hot and dry, then you can not do without spraying. The plant is sprayed carefully, spray should not fall on the flowers. From the end of autumn they switch from plentiful to moderate watering, which continues until the end of winter.

    They feed on shrubs with mineral fertilizers and organic matter. Feeding is carried out in the warm season once a week. In the first weeks of spring, nitrogen is preferable, and potassium and phosphorus are recommended during the period of active flowering. In the winter season, top dressing is not carried out.

    To obtain a beautiful and accurate crown from hybrid abutilon, pruning is periodically performed. In a young plant, the top is pinched off to start the process of branch formation. In an adult, Juliet's shrub annually, in early spring, cut off the shoots in 1/3 or 2/3 of the length. Abutilon grows rapidly, and timely pruning not only allows you to form a neat crown, but also to make flowering plentiful, and the color of the flowers more vibrant.

    From the first year of life, the plant must be replanted annually, each time picking up a larger and larger pot. Flowering begins when the roots fill the entire soil.

    Reviews about Abutilon Juliet

    It is believed that Abutilon relieves nervous tension, improves the mood of households, calms the soul, awakens inspiration and promotes pleasant communication.

    In flower shops, the seeds “Abutilon hybrid Juliet mix of colors” from the manufacturer “Aelita” are most often sold. Customer reviews about this abutilone are extremely positive. Among the advantages of the variety are high germination, rapid growth, resistance to different environmental conditions, low price. Buyers do not find flaws.

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